Focus Over Fear – Diabetes

Diabetes: – Do you know what to do?

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy.

Diabetes falls into two categories; type 1 and type 2, both can be managed but there is currently no cure. Medication, lifestyle changes and regular monitoring of the blood sugar level can help keep the symptoms under control. But what are the symptoms?

Well some of the main symptoms are:

  • Feelngs of thirst.
  • Passing urine more frequently (particularly at night)
  • Feeling fatigued
  • Weight loss (usually associated with type 1 diabetes)
Although the symptoms are similar, type 1 diabetes is often hereditary (the immune system attacks the pancreas stopping insulin production) whereas type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas no longer produces sufficient insulin.
Changes to lifestyle including weight loss, exercise and balanced diet can help eleviate symptoms. The real question is what is the cause of Diabetes and the sad answer for the time being is we really don’t know
So what do we do?
If you’ve got Type 1 diabetes, you get insulin into your body by injecting it, or using an insulin pump which delivers a constant supply into you.

You’ll also need to check your blood glucose levels are not too low or too high by using a blood glucose testing device several times a day. When you start taking insulin, you’ll begin to feel better and your blood glucose levels will go down.

This is important because over a long period of time, high glucose levels in your blood can seriously damage you heart, your eyes, your feet and your kidneys.

But with the right treatment and care, the long-term effects of diabetes and high glucose levels can be managed.

Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition and is the more common version of diabetes. 90% of those who suffer from diabetes have type 2. The way our body produces insulin and manages its use forms a critical process by which our bodies operate.
When you have Type 2 diabetes, your body still breaks down carbohydrate from your food and drink and turns it into glucose.

The pancreas responds to this by releasing insulin. But because this insulin can’t work properly, blood glucose (also called sugar) levels keep rising.So more insulin is released. For some people with Type 2 diabetes this can eventually tire the pancreas out, meaning their body makes less and less insulin. This causes even higher blood sugar levels and this cycle keeps repeating until we experience a total failure.

Type 2 diabetes can be managed with the right treatment and care, the effects of diabetes and high blood sugar levels can potentially be reversed and certainly managed.

Some people can manage it by a more healthy diet and leading a more active lifestyle as well as losing weight. Eventually most people will need medication to bring their blood glucose down to a safe level.

Whatever the treatment, everyone with Type 2 diabetes needs to learn how to manage and live with it.

Focus over Fear at Meaningful Change https://www.mcfirstaidtraining.co.uk

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