Diabetes: – Do you know what to do?
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy.
Diabetes falls into two categories; type 1 and type 2, both can be managed but there is currently no cure. Medication, lifestyle changes and regular monitoring of the blood sugar level can help keep the symptoms under control. But what are the symptoms?
Well some of the main symptoms are:
- Feelngs of thirst.
- Passing urine more frequently (particularly at night)
- Feeling fatigued
- Weight loss (usually associated with type 1 diabetes)
You’ll also need to check your blood glucose levels are not too low or too high by using a blood glucose testing device several times a day. When you start taking insulin, you’ll begin to feel better and your blood glucose levels will go down.
This is important because over a long period of time, high glucose levels in your blood can seriously damage you heart, your eyes, your feet and your kidneys.
But with the right treatment and care, the long-term effects of diabetes and high glucose levels can be managed.
The pancreas responds to this by releasing insulin. But because this insulin can’t work properly, blood glucose (also called sugar) levels keep rising.So more insulin is released. For some people with Type 2 diabetes this can eventually tire the pancreas out, meaning their body makes less and less insulin. This causes even higher blood sugar levels and this cycle keeps repeating until we experience a total failure.
Type 2 diabetes can be managed with the right treatment and care, the effects of diabetes and high blood sugar levels can potentially be reversed and certainly managed.
Some people can manage it by a more healthy diet and leading a more active lifestyle as well as losing weight. Eventually most people will need medication to bring their blood glucose down to a safe level.
Whatever the treatment, everyone with Type 2 diabetes needs to learn how to manage and live with it.
Focus over Fear at Meaningful Change https://www.mcfirstaidtraining.co.uk